Pupil premium is funding to improve education outcomes for disadvantaged pupils in schools in England. Evidence shows that disadvantaged children generally face additional challenges in reaching their potential at school and often do not perform as well as other pupils.
The Government’s current measure of disadvantage is any child who is or has been eligible to Free School Meals in the past six years. Evidence suggests that the average performance of disadvantaged children is below that of non-disadvantaged children and that progress is slower. The Pupil Premium, introduced in April 2011, seeks to address these inequalities by providing schools with additional funding to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils.